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Africa ‘won’t allow Burundi genocide’

The African Union, discussing the situation in Burundi, says Africa will “not allow another genocide to take place on its soil”.

Protests erupted in Burundi earlier this year against President Pierre Nkurunziza's third-term bid
Protests erupted in Burundi earlier this year against President Pierre Nkurunziza’s third-term bid

There are concerns that the recent deadly violence could spiral into civil war and possible ethnic conflict.

Last Friday, 87 people were killed in clashes in the capital, Bujumbura, the army said.

Protests in Burundi began in April when President Pierre Nkurunziza announced he would seek a third term in office.

AU Peace and Security Commissioner Smail Chergui has tweeted that the “clear” message coming from the AU is that the “killings in Burundi must stop immediately”.

The government has said there is no threat of genocide.

The AU’s peace and security council has been discussing sending an AU force to Burundi.

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein said on Thursday that “Burundi is at bursting point, on the very cusp of a civil war” which could have “ethnic overtones” similar to past conflicts in Burundi.

Mr al-Hussein has been asked by the UN Human Rights Council to send independent investigators to Burundi, the AFP news agency reports.

An AU fact-finding mission returned from Burundi on Sunday and in its preliminary findings it said “members of the team heard reports of arbitrary killings, torture and the “arbitrary… closure of some civil society organisations and the media”.

Ethnic conflict between Hutus and Tutsis in the 1990s claimed an estimated 300,000 lives.

President Nkurunziza is the former leader of a Hutu rebel group, who has been in power since a 2005 peace deal.

Both the government and the opposition are ethnically mixed. BBC


Timeline – Burundi crisis

  • April 2015 – Protests erupt after President Pierre Nkurunziza announces he will seek a third term in office.
  • May 2015 – Constitutional court rules in favour of Mr Nkurunziza, amid reports of judges being intimidated. Tens of thousands flee violence amid protests.
  • May 2015 – Army officers launch a coup attempt, which fails.
  • July 2015 – Elections are held, with Mr Nkurunziza re-elected. The polls are disputed, with opposition leader Agathon Rwasa describing them as “a joke”.
  • November 2015 – Burundi government gives those opposing President Nkurunziza’s third term five days to surrender their weapons ahead of a promised crackdown.
  • November 2015 – UN warns it is less equipped to deal with violence in Burundi than it was for the Rwandan genocide.
  • December 2015 – 87 people killed on one day as soldiers respond to an attack on military sites in Bujumbura
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