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Iraq troops in ‘final assault’ on Islamic State in Falluja

The Iraqi army says it has begun an operation to storm Falluja, a bastion of so-called Islamic State (IS).

Iraqi forces began an operation to recapture Falluja a week ago
Iraqi forces began an operation to recapture Falluja a week ago

It comes a week after the government launched a concerted effort to retake the city, which has been held by the jihadists since 2014.

An estimated 50,000 civilians are trapped inside, with only a few hundred families escaping so far.

The UN says there are reports of people starving to death there, and of being killed for refusing to fight for IS.

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State forces including members of an elite counter-terrorism unit are moving into the city on several fronts, an official statement said.

IS fighters are reportedly putting up resistance with suicide and car bombings.

But while the military said it was advancing towards its goals, so far the fighting seems to be centred on IS defences outside Falluja’s city limits, the BBC’s Jim Muir in the capital, Baghdad says.

Militia leaders taking part have said there is likely to be a pause before the assault on the city centre begins to allow more civilians to escape.

Falluja fell to IS in January 2014, a key moment in its rise that saw it declare a caliphate across swathes of Iraq and Syria.

Along with Mosul, it is one of two major cities held by IS in Iraq.

Meanwhile there are reports at least 17 people have died in bombings in and around Baghdad.

The deadliest saw at least eight die in a car bombing targeting an army checkpoint in the predominantly Shia area of Shaab.

No group has said it carried out the attack, but IS has frequently targeted Shia Muslims, whom the Sunni militant group regards as apostates. BBC

Falluja – key facts:

  • had population of more than 300,000 before it was seized by first al-Qaeda and then by IS in 2014
  • has always been a hotbed of Sunni defiance, becoming a symbol of resistance to US forces in violent battles in 2004
  • controls main highway from Baghdad to both Jordan and Syria
  • is known as the “city of mosques” – more than 200 mosques in city and surrounding area