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Joshua Nkomo letter to Robert Mugabe from exile in the UK

2 Stevenage Road
East Ham E6 2WL
London E6 2WL
United Kingdom
7th June, 1983


Dear Robert,

1. I write to you as a citizen of Zimbabwe and one of the leaders of our country, to you not just as one of the leaders of Zimbabwe, but above all, as Prime Minister of the Government of Zimbabwe as provided for by the Constitution, that you and me, as well as other leaders signed in December 1979.

Joshua Nkomo
Joshua Nkomo

2. I write because I feel that our country is in danger of complete disintegration, to the detriment of all its citizens now living and of generations to come.

3. Not least, I write to you because I am convinced that you believe I am the main contributory factor to this dangerous situation.

4. You have stated publicly on several occasions that I have plotted, and continue to plot, to overthrow you and your government, that I have conspired, and continue to conspire, with South Africa to do that, that I have organized and continue to organize dissident groups for the purpose of destabilizing the country and finally to overthrow you.

5. You now say I have run to Britain, ostensibly because I thought my life was or is in danger, but that I have done so for the purpose of recruiting mercenaries and/or assassins to wrest power from you.

6.I also know that you and your party believe that because ZAPU lost in the last election we feel wounded, and therefore plan to wrest power from you by means, fair or foul.

7.You say we did all I have stated above despite the fact that we agreed to take part in your Government when you as Prime Minister, invited us to.

8. This whole series of accusations against me and ZAPU, which are false and without any foundation whatsoever started on the 6th February, 1982 when caches of arms were discovered at Escort Farm, and later at Hampton Farm, both of which were owned by Nitram, a private company, I assisted former ZIPRA combatants to form for occupation and use by those of them who were not incorporated into the (ZNA) Zimbabwe National Army and the (ZRP) Zimbabwe Republic Police.

9. The discovery of arms on the 6th February was followed by a number of categoric and definitive statements, by yourself, to the effect that arms were discovered in Nkomo and ZAPU owned properties and that the cache of arms were part of a plot to overthrow you and your government; and that all those properties were being used for subversive purposes.

You said in Marondera on the 14th February, 1982: “ZAPU had bought more than 25 farms and more than 30 business enterprises throughout the country. We have now established they were not genuine business enterprises, but places of hiding military weapons to start another war at an appropriate time”. You added, “Dr. Nkomo was trying to overthrow my government”. “ZAPU and its leader, Dr. Joshua Nkomo, were like a cobra in a house.

The only way to deal effectively with a snake is to strike and destroy its head”.

10. You will remember that you met me and three of my colleagues at your official residence on the 5th February to discuss a number of issues, and at the end of that meeting I mentioned to you that I had received a telephone message from Bulaway to the effect that two Nitram Farms, Ascot and Woody Glen Farm had been invaded by the police the previous night and you said, you had also got information and you would inform me later what it was all about.

11. That evening I traveled with two of your Ministers on a plane to Bulawayo, Emmerson Munangagwa and Sydney Sekeramai. Little did I know that you had sent these two men to Bulawayo to display to the press arms allegedly unearthed in one of those farms, namely Ascot Farm.

12. I would have expected that as Minister under you, you would, after finding arms in Nitram owned properties, to have summoned me to your office to find out from me as to whether I knew anything about the arms.

13. I would have expected further, that you would have instructed me to have joined Munangagwa and Sekeramai in an attempt to uncover information about those arms.

I am sure, you realize how important it was for me to have physically seen the location, the quantity and nature of the arms that was discovered, especially at a time when I was still Minister. While I do not dispute that arms were found on these farms, how else would I have been expected to believe the quantity, and nature of the arms unearthed and displayed to the press were authentic.

14. As it is now, I cannot be made to believe that the quantities, quality and nature of arms presented to the press were in fact all unearthed just in those two farms. It is quite clear for the discovery to make an impact on the people of Zimbabwe and the world in general, it was necessary for those who assisted you, to ferry arms from elsewhere so as to make this accusation of a plot to overthrow the government to appear real. To quote a statement made at a press briefing at Brady Barracks on the 8th February 1982: “Arms and ammunitions so far recovered in the joint police and army search operation in Matebeleland are sufficient to equip a force of 5,000 men”. Note, in ‘Matabeleland’ and not in Ascot and Hampton Farms. However, this is neither here nor there.

15. By Monday the 15th February 1982, the two properties owned by Nitram, the only properties on which arms were found, together with properties owned by ZAPU and those owned by companies whose members were ZAPU, including properties owned by me and my family, were confiscated under the notorious Unlawful Organisations Act, which was was enacted by settler regimes to suppress liberation organizations.

16. I would like to emphasise that no other property, even those others owned by Nitram, which were all confiscated, had any arms found on them.

17. Having reminded you that arms were discovered in only two Nitram owned farms, Ascot Farm near Bulawayo and Hampton Farm near Gweru, let me further remind you that in the course of your marathon speeches round the country, telling the story of having found caches of arms meant to perpetrate a plot to overthrow you and your government, you said among other things, “If all arms cached by ZIPRA were found in or near Assembly Camps only, my government and I would not have minded”. “But that”, you continued, “a large quantity of arms was found in ZAPU owned properties, it is clear they were intended for use against my government”. You said this because you knew that ZANLA had cached a lot of arms in and near their former Assembly Camps, and there was the question of a trainload of arms that had disappeared between the [Mozambiquean] border and Mutare.

18. It appears to me you have conveniently forgotten that Ntumbane in Bulawayo, was in fact an Assembly Point for both ZIPRA and ZANLA, that after the first Ntumbane disturbances every type of weapon not allowed there, was found in that assembly point.

The same happened after the second disturbances there; heavy weapons were found in both ZIPRA and ZANLA camps in Ntumbane. Why then did you find it surprising to have found arms at Ascot farm which is hardly seven miles from Ntumbane assembly point? 19. The same applies to Hampton Farm which is not far from Connemara Barracks where there were disturbances at the same time as there were disturbances in Ntumbane the second time. As a matter of fact, Comrade Munangagwa on 26th February, said, “Four caches of arms including 600 G3 rifles stolen during the mutiny in Connemara more than a year ago were discovered on a farm near Gweru”.

20. Over and above what I have stated regarding arms caches I quote a statement by (PF) ZAPU Central Committee held in Bulawayo on the 15 February, 1982, “The Central Committee is dismayed at the deliberate attempt to build a case on an issue whose background the Prime Minister very well knows emanates from a war situation. The Central Committee denies the allegation that ZAPU had any prior knowledge of the arms caches anywhere. The administration of the army and all military issues, including former combatants’ assembly camps, were placed under the responsibility of the Joint Military Command, thus removing ZAPU and ZANU of responsibility over military affairs. We wish to categorically deny the allegation of a plot to overthrow the government. On the contrary, PF ZAPU did everything, and still does for the consolidation and success of our independence” (Herald).

21. On Thursday, February 17, you announced at a press conference that I and three of my colleagues, J.M. Chinamano, J.W. Msika and J.G. Ntuta were dismissed from your government. You made your announcement at a press conference and we learnt of our dismissal from your government by press, television and radio. I was completely flabbergasted and astounded by your accusations, your actions and the manner in which they were made. What stunned and bemused me even more is that I was convinced that you knew in your heart of hearts that all accusations were false.

22. I was also convinced that you could not have been unaware of the repercussions of your statements and actions on former ZANLA and ZIPRA combatants in the National Army and in the police, and the feelings of divisiveness and hostility they would arose.

23. You must know that it was soon after your initial statements and actions that there was talk of polarization of ZANLA and ZIPRA former combatants within the National Army.

Mutual suspicion and mistrust was maximized, and clashes between the two groups became commonplace.

24. Meanwhile, former ZIPRA Commanders were summoned by the Army Command, at your instruction, for questioning and investigation. This was done, it is said, by the military police and/or the C.I.O. Later, ordinary former ZIPRA men, irrespective of rank were also taken for investigation.

25. Information has it that during these investigations there was a lot of beatings and torture of all types, that a number of these young people were killed and others maimed.

26. These actions were followed by desertions and defections from the National Army not only by former ZIPRA combatants, but also by former ZANLA.

27. It was then that we learnt from your public speeches, and those of your Ministers, that a number of armed robbers and bandits in the country was growing, especially in the Western Province of Matabeleland.

28. Later your public statements and those of your Ministers began to stress that these armed bandits were infact politically inspired dissidents.

29. Information has it also, that some 300 or so ZIPRA combatants and a few ZANLA who were arrested after the troubles in a battalion camp near Karoi were detained secretly somewhere near Harare and are taken in small batches to be court martialed and executed, with no right of appeal and without informing their next of kin. It is further known that the last of these executions that has come to light took place on February 14, 1983.

30. It was when in your Parliamentary Speech you openly and blatantly accused me personally and ZAPU as a party of organising, maintaining and directing such armed dissident activities that I met you, and after thorough discussion, that I thought you accepted our position that we were not in any manner connected with these elements.

31. I found it necessary to meet you because despite the fact that I had continuously and persistently denounced and condemned the activities of these dissidents and had demanded that you appoint a Parliamentary Select Committee, without success, to investigate who these dissidents are and who succours them, instead you found it necessary to accuse us in parliament the way you did.

32. During December, overtures on unity between ZAPU and ZANU were ma de to me by your emissaries in the persons of President Canaan Banana and Minister Enos Nkala. After two meetings with them I thought we had made progress and suggested to them that the next meeting should be with yourself.

33. A meeting between us was accordingly held at State House, Bulawayo early in January 1983. The meeting did not go as well as I had expected because it appeared to me that you were averse to what I discussed with President Banana and Enos Nkala. However, despite that, we agreed between ourselves to form a Committee of 6, comprising three ZANU and three ZAPU representatives.

34. Although nothing much was achieved at the meeting between us, I believed nonetheless that moves towards an understanding between ZAPU and ZANU were making progress.

35. Yet on Tuesday, the 25th of January [1983], I received information from people who were fleeing from Mbembesi that mass beatings and killings were being perpetrated by young men in camouflage uniforms who were calling themselves the ‘Fifth Brigade’.

36. By the 26th January, the numbers had grown and the information given us was that more people were being brutally beaten and killed by these young men.

37. On the 27th of January, I decided to take 12 of the people, who had themselves experienced violence at the hands of members of the Fifth Brigade, to Harare so that they may themselves explain to government what in fact was talking place.

38. When I arrived in Harare, I presented the matter to Comrade Muzenda who, in the absence of the Prime Minister, was acting Prime Minister. After I informed him of the situation in Mbembesi, which by that time had spread to Bubi and Tsholotsho, the acting Prime Minister delegated his Minister of Home Affairs, Ushewonkunze, who had expressed ignorance of these happenings, to go and meet the afflicted people in Highfields.

39. When Ushewonkunze failed to turn up until Friday afternoon, I decided to call a press conference and informed the conference of the mass killings by the Fifth Brigade; by that time the numbers reported killed by the Fifth brigade had risen to 95.

40. The following week a government spokesman made much play of the fact that Josiah Gumede; who I had told the conference that I understood by reports from Mbembesi, was among those who were killed; but because he had survived his ordeal, the spokesman completely ignored the fact that many more other people were killed, a fact Gumede himself had made known to you and president Banana.

41. During the first week of February a censure motion was presented to parliament by the chief whip of ZANU-PF against ZAPU and its leadership because of exposure of the carnage by the Fifth Brigade. Almost every ZANU member who spoke abused and scorned ZAPU, and more particularly myself, for having exposed the killings, which now had spread to Nkayi and Lupane. It was quite evident that ZANU-PF had full knowledge of what was happening but was not prepared to intervene or call a halt to those most barbarous actions which the Fifth Brigade, in the name of security, perpetrated against fellow citizens of Zimbabwe in the so-called ‘curfew’ areas.

42. On Saturday February the 19th, I was prevented from traveling to Prague to attend an executive meeting of the World Peace Council (which your press called Soviet sponsored) and which was to take place on the 21st and 22nd of that month. My ticket and passport and those of my three colleagues who were traveling with me were seized by the police when we were arrested. When I was released seven hours later, my three colleagues remained in custody and were later issued with detention orders which remain in force to this day.

43. On the 19th February, I was taken to the Bulawayo Charge Office where the police demanded that I make two ‘Warned and Cautioned’ statements to the effect that they were investigating the possibility that I had committed certain crimes: under the Law and Order Maintenance Act, because they had found on me, two sets of notes containing: (a) a statement I made in Parliament in connection with the serious situation in Matebeleland Province created by killings and other atrocities, and (b) notes prepared for a meeting I was to have had held with you about the same situation but did not come off.

2. That they were investigating a possible contravention of the Currency Exchange Control Act because they found on me $300 Zimbabwe dollars; meant for my wife, but in the packing rush was forgotten in my brief case.

Later that day, I was called back to the Charge Office and told that they (the police) had received a telegram from the Harare police to the effect that I should make another ‘Warned and Cautioned’ statement in reply to a possible charge that the police in Harare were investigating a possible contravention of the Precious Minerals Act in that the police had found emeralds in my Highfields residence when they were searching for arms in that house on the 5th October 1982.

44. About three weeks earlier, I had been made to make a ‘Warned and cautioned’ statement by the Harare police to the effec t that they were investigating a possible breach of the Law and Order Maintenance Act when I addressed a press conference in Harare, in which I had revealed the killings of people in Mbembesi, Bubi and Tsholotsho.

45. I made those ‘Warned and Cautioned’ statements denying those possible charges. It was clear to me, as it could be, to any responsible person that these were trumped up possible charges designed by your government to harass and embarrass me.

46. Is it reasonable for anybody to believe that possession of a copy of a speech made in parliament and an unpublished notes to be used in a meeting with the Prime minister could be a breach of the Law and Order Maintenance Act? Is it reasonable for anyone to believe that I would export from the country $300 Zimbabwe dollars. To what purpose? Is it reasonable to believe that the so-called possession of emeralds in early October, 1982 could still be for investigation by the police in mid-February, 1983? What investigation after four months of physical so-called ‘possession of emeralds’.

47. On Sunday the 27th February, 1983, I received a letter from the police informing me that before leaving my house for any place, I should report to the Police Station. I refused doing this because I had no charge preferred against me, and could not understand why the police should have been so interested in my movements.

48. About the 1st or the 2nd of March, 1983, security forces, including the Fifth Brigade, were deployed in Bulawayo western suburbs and on the 5th March, 1983: my house was raided by the Fifth Brigade. Three people were killed and property, including three cars, was vandalized by the raiders. It was after this act that I realized why the police were interested in my movements.

49. I then decided to leave the country for the time being as it was clear to me that my life was threatened.

50. During the weeks that followed the deployment of the Fifth Brigade in the Western Province of Matebeleland, right up to the day I departed from Zimbabwe, hundreds of brutally assaulted people from the so-called ‘curfew’ areas of Mbembesi, Nyathi, Nkayi, Lupane and Tsholotsho had come to my home and related horrible accounts of brutal beatings, mass rapings, mass killings, maiming of hundreds of innocent unarmed, unresisting men, women and children as well as looting and burning of villages and houses.

51. Before leaving my house and finally Bulawayo on the 8th March, 1983, reports had come to me of untold brutalities and inhuman and degrading treatment of people within Bulawayo itself and of people being marched in their hundreds to the adjacent bush areas on the outskirts of Bulawayo, to be shot and their bodies left rotting and some taken away to unknown destinations and never to return.

52. Now that I have attempted to give an account of some of your publicly expressed opinions and beliefs about me and ZAPU, and have also tried to summarise the more important events that took place as well as actions or non-actions during the course of the three years since our independence, and have some bearing on your attempt to impose a one- ZANU Party State on the people of Zimbabwe, I give hereunder my reactions.

53. In retrospect, I now believe that I and ZAPU were deceived and cheated by you and your party when you talked of unity, reconciliation, peace and security. I now honestly and sincerely believe that when you invited us to take part in your government you believed that we would reject your offer and set ourselves up in strong opposition to you and thereby label us disgruntled rejected plotters.

54. I can now see that your insistence on establishing assembly camps in Bulawayo and Harare, and of your Ministers Nkala and others coming to Bulawayo to make inflammatory statements which sparked off the first Ntumbane incident, was all part of a plan and strategy to destabilize the country, especially the Western Province of Matebeleland, so that you could use incidents there as an excuse for using military action to crush me and my party.

55. It is now obvious to me that when you demoted me from the Ministry of Home Affairs which you knew was negotiated for a purpose at the time you invited us to take part in your government; that while you knew that we felt it was necessary for us to take part in one of the security ministries (Defence or Home Affairs) so that the former ZIPRA men drafted into the ZNA and ZRP may feel confident, thereby solidify both the army and the police, you deliberately took that action. It is clear you wanted us to pull out of your government at that time so as to destabilize the army and the police, create dissidents out of the deserting ZIPRA men and then call us plotters against your government.

56. It is clear you thought you had struck a political bonanza by the arms caches fiasco and you handled it the way you did, to achieve the following: To make the country believe that I and ZAPU wanted to overthrow your government.

That the world at large should view us as a group of people who had lost the elections and now wanted to wrest power from you and your government.

To polarize the population into bad guys and good guys and so destabilize the country.

To polarize the former ZIPRA and ZANLA combatants both inside and outside the army and police, so as to create a former ZIPRA grouping to be labelled dissidents.

To create within ZAPU a group that would believe there was a group within the party, that in fact, was plotting to overthrow the government.

As a pretext, to use discredited and archaic settler imperialist legislation, the Unlawful Organisations Act, to confiscate ZAPU supporters’s property.

57. When you announced the confiscation of ZAPU and Nitram properties, property belonging to Companies of individual ZAPU members and to me and my family, you said it was because all these properties were acquired for hiding arms. Now that it is known no arms were found on any property other than the two farms belonging to Nitram, Ascot and Hampton Farms, how do you justify the blatant and arbitrary forced acquisition of all these properties? 58. Even the confiscation of the two farms on which arms were discovered is questionable.

Nitram as a Co-operative company, whose membership was more than 4,000 former ZIPRA combatants, who had contributed towards the purchase of these farms, and therefore, could not be held responsible for action or actions of a few people, who have not been identified even at the High Court trial that ended in the acquittal of six of the seven people accused of treason and caching arms.

59. With regards properties owned by ZAPU formed companies as well as those formed by us individuals, I can only say your action against them was even much more obscure. I do hope Mr. Prime Minister, you realize the harm inflicted by your ill-considered action on these properties including those owned by Nitram. Thousands of people were thrown out of resident-employment; this includes former combatants as well as former employees of those farms, who had become members of co-operatives established there. The Herald of 17th February, 1982 says, about projects at Mguza, “The co-operative venture and Secretarial training centers for women ex-combatants have been hailed by several people, including the Minister of Finance, Enos Nkala, as a model of its kind”.

60. All this is gone; with hundreds of thousands of dollars’ worth of movable property of all types including over-head irrigation equipment worth $700,000 [Zimbabwe dollars] is ruined and some of it missing. Other movable property which was looted from Mguza Complex is what Dr. Sekeramai referred to as, “The other equipment, such as a very modern operating theatre lamp with its own generator, and a sophiscated dental unit, in excellent condition and not used at all was found”. This equipment meant for the College and co-operative farm inmates and people who attended a co-operative clinic there.

61. Among the most important properties of ZAPU that were taken away by the army and the C.I.O. from the Nitram farms, i.e. Nest Egg, were ZAPU Archives which were stored there for safe-keeping. They contained all ZAPU records covering the whole period of our struggle outside and inside the country, including the list of all ZAPU and ZIPRA war casualties. As a result of this, no names of ZIPRA dead were available for inclusion at the Heroes’ Acre Roll of Honor list on the 10th and 11th August, 1982.

This, you will agree is a very serious matter.

62. What disturbs me most, is that when you banned the companies that ran various properties and projects you said, “ZAPU had bought more than 25 farms and more than 30 business enterprises throughout the country. We had now established they were not genuine business enterprises, but places to hide military weapons to start another war at an appropriate time”, (Sunday mail, 7th February, 1982). This was a deliberate distortion.

63. At the time you made the above statement ZAPU had only 2 farms, one near Harare and the other near Gweru; and had only 5 business enterprises, 2 in Harare, 2 in Gweru and 1 in Masvingo. If by ZAPU you meant farms and businesses run by companies such as Nitram and those owned by individual members of ZAPU: the position is as follows: Nitram had only 4 farms and 4 business enterprises. Companies owned by individual members of ZAPU had 3 farms near Harare, 2 near Bulawayo and two business enterprises in Bulawayo and 1 in Mbalabala. All these ventures Mr. Prime Minister, cannot be said to be, “throughout the country”, nor, “more than 25 farms and more than 30 business enterprises” as you said in your statement.

64. You deliberately gave the impression to the country that, projects on those properties were run clandestinely; and yet you knew, I had, without success, several times invited you, to visit Nijo Products, 1.2 million dollar ZAPU Composite Agricultural Project, just outside Harare. I said your visit to that particular project was important and necessary because I felt it could be used as a model for resettlement purposes.

65. You were aware further that the Mguza Secretarial Training College was officially opened by Minister Shaba and that that College and the Mguza Co-operative Farming Project were visited by President Banana and Enos Nkala a few weeks before your banning order was issued. I am certain, you must have been aware that the Lido Motel in Queens Park, Bulawayo was being used as a hostel for over 300 former ZIPRA war disabled, as government had failed to house them anywhere.

66. You will remember when I met you in your office in August, 1982, you made known to me that the involvement of my family property Walmer Ranch, where we built our Makwe home, would be revealed in evidence during the Masuku, Dabengwa trial at the High Court. The trial has come and gone, Masuku and Dabengwa acquitted. However, I was told by a defence lawyer of a bizarre story about some military training supposed to have been conducted at Makwe Farm which was presented by the prosecution and was later unconditionally withdrawn by them without argument. You will know that our home at Makwe has been surrounded by the army and police ever since you made your announcement of the 16th February, 1982. All meaningful activity came to a complete halt and incalculable damage was done to all we were trying to do there.

67. I am certain you should recall what I told you when we met in your office in August, that what I had at Makwe outside the working of the farm was a big gathering where I met members of the Gwanda Community Co-operative, to discuss a grand settlement scheme in which the Makwe Irrigation Scheme and our Makwe farm would be the core of the project.

White farmers had been approached to either donate or sell at very reduced prices their farms within the area, and the response was promising. This scheme had been forwarded to the Ministry of Lands and Resettlement by the Gwanda Co-op through the local district council machinery. It was hoped that the Scheme would be presented to Government through appropriate channels for funding through ZIMCORD.

68. You must have known through your respective Government departments, local authorities and your various devices of information collection, that Kennellworth-Carisbrook Farm near Harare, Lingfield near Gweru and Mbalabala Village near Esigodini were all being processed to be handled in the same way as above, and as the Mguza complex had shown, be it in a small way, that it was feasible to implement such schemes, it was believed that the Makwe Project would succeed.

69. All these schemes were in the spirit of what I had discussed with you in December, 1981. I had made it plain to you Prime Minister, when I met you in your official residence; that your Resettlement policy was a national disaster, and you agreed with me. These schemes were meant to present practical approach models, to both rural and peri-urban resettlement, that would embrace everybody and not just a few who are said to ‘qualify’.

70. But, with full knowledge of all this, you chose to tell a crowd of more than 18,000 people at the Rudaka Stadium in Marondera on the 13th February, 1982, that, “We desire a new richer life for all … and we wish to see changes in people’s way of living standards and economic status. But in the midst of all our endeavours our colleagues in Government, were stockpiling and building enough weapons of war to arm 20,000 men”.

71. What baffles me even more, is that, you said all the above when you knew that less than 2 months prior to your Marondera meeting, I had offered myself to take over your Ministry of Lands and Resettleme nt in an effort to assist you and through you, the country to make a success of its most vital development programme. You turned down my offer, saying I was too old to handle that Ministry, however, you said you would invite me to be one of the members of a resettlement Ministerial Committee you were about to institute. To you all this meant plotting.

72. You also had knowledge that on December 29, 1982; while I was on holiday, I was requested by Brigadier Chinenge to assist him to demobilize more than 5,000 former ZIPRA combatants at Gwaai River Mine Assembly Point and willingly drove over 150 miles to help. How could I have done all these things if I was bent on overthrowing you? Who do you think I would have called on to use all those arms after assisting to integrate some ZIPRA combatants in the ZNA and ZRP and assisted in dispersing others to their respective homes.

73. It is now very clear to me that you were very unhappy with the extent of my cooperation and that of ZAPU because you did not want peace and tranquility. You did not want stability, progress and development, because such conditions would not give you the turmoil and instability you required for your political-military action to liquidate those you chose to, and thereby impose your one-ZANU Party State.

74. It is obvious to me why you decided to form the Fifth Brigade outside the structure and command of the National Army, so that you may use it as a party and Tribal Brigade for eliminating and liquidating, as you have many times said, those you chose to destroy. As a matter of fact, when I questioned the formation of the Fifth Brigade outside the Zimbabwe National Army without consultation, you angrily replied and said, “Who are you to be consulted? This Brigade”, you said, “has been formed to crush those who try to subvert my government, and if you attempt that, they will crush you too”.

75. You took action against what you called ZAPU sponsored dissidents. But because you wanted to maintain this show of subversion, you have not, for almost one year and 4 months, arrested and put on trial a single dissident. Yet you have continuously, for all this period, persistently accused the ZAPU structure and those who support that structure for organising, maintaining, feeding and directing the dissidents so as to justify an armed attack on the masses.

76. It is known through information given by the masses in the affected curfew areas, that in fact the people who go about killing, maiming, raping and burning government property are in fact organized provocateurs planted by ZANU-PF in the form of undercover pseudo- dissidents. … It is further known that government property destroyed by dissidents was property used by district councils who were made up of 100 ZAPU members, who were known to have worked hard to use this equipment for developing their areas vigorously and with great enthusiasm.

77. It is known that about 90% of the victims killed by dissidents were either top ZAPU officials, ZAPU businessmen and teachers, ZAPU local government officials and generally ZAPU supporters. The remaining 10% appear to be white people. Not a single ZANU supporter was killed during this period. Does not this fact speak for itself? One does not know what the position is or would be after the Fifth Brigade’s bloody escapade in the Western Province of Matebeleland.

78. It can be said without hesitation that to have used the police as if they were ZIPRA officers in the Dr. Bertrand case was an abominable and fascist like attempt to portray to the country and the world at large that former ZIPRA combatants had plotting tendencies so as to blemish the name of ZIPRA.

79. I believe that the notes that were purported to have been sent by former ‘ZIPRA dissidents’ to the police, when foreign tourists were abducted near Bulawayo in July 1982, were in fact an effort to show ZAPU and former ZIPRA combatants in bad light.

Having said that, I would like to make it clearly understood that former ZIPRA combatants are not the responsibility of ZAPU but of the Zimbabwe government, like anybody else. Despite this I found it necessary to activate and involve the masses in the areas where it was thought kidnappers may be hiding with the tourists, but before I concluded the exercise government declared a curfew in those areas, making them no- go places, causing an abrupt end to that effort. Why that was done I do not know to this day.

80. I now understand why you have maintained legislation such as the Law and Order Maintenance Act, the Unlawful Organisation Act and the Emergency Powers Act; which was enacted by former regimes specifically for the suppression and oppression of the black population of Zimbabwe, and for use against their effort to struggle for independence, social justice, enjoyment of freedom and human rights. You now seem to enjoy and justify the use of these notorious laws to deny your own people that which they fought and died to achieve.

What is it that makes you believe that this independence, which you and I and indeed the masses of Zimbabwe fought for, for so long should now be maintained and protected by this type of legislation? Don’t you think there is something wrong? 81. I am not surprised that you have decided to maintain a state of emergency which was declared by Ian Smith on the 5th November, 1965 in preparation for his illegal action to declare, control and protect his type of independence.

82. During the protracted war our people were subjected to every kind of cruelty and oppression. No man’s life was safe, it was the frequent fate of an innocent villager to be shot out hand, to be arbitrarily arrested and often to be tortured, to suffer the burning of his village, the massacre of his women and children, the destruction of crops and livestock, to suffer long years of imprisonment or to endure the pangs of long exile. The legal basis of this campaign of terror was the ‘State of Emergency’.

83. You well know that in point of fact the Law and Order maintenance Act was used to undermine and subvert law and order to quite a horrendous degree, and the declaration of a ‘state of emergency’ itself was instrumental in creating an acute state of emergency by unleashing forces which inflicted a wave of murder and brutality upon our people which, in its savagery and disregard for humanitarian considerations, had no precedent among our people.

84. Taken together, these facts indicate clearly that for many years an unparalleled campaign of barbarism and terror was waged against the masses. Yet this campaign failed; our people did not submit, they fought back until finally victory was won and independence achieved.

But what in fact has been achieved? It is painful to ask this question, for it springs from events which have increasingly darkened the horizons of Zimbabwe over the past year or more, events I am trying to summarise in this letter.

85. You knew that having created the confusion, you would then be able to take military and legal action against deliberately created ‘political and armed dissidents’; hence the arrest of men like Lookout Masuku, Dumiso Dabengwa and others, and decided to charge them with treason. It is a shame to all of us who fought for liberty, freedom and the rule of law, to see Dumiso, Masuku and others being immediately arbitrarily detained after acquittal by the High Court.

86. It is a well known fact that in Zimbabwe today, there are more people detained without trial than in fascist South Africa. Most of these people are also without formal detention orders and the next of kin have no idea as to whether they are alive or dead.

These people are not enemies of Zimbabwe, but patriots who have suffered, like us and many others, in the struggle to free their country, Zimbabwe, peasant men, women as well as young men and women who only happen to be caught, in a conflict the government itself created.

87. The double tragedy of Zimbabwe today is, firstly, that the routine and administrative use of detention, torture and arbitrary repression has been adopted by an independent government, and secondly, that this government uses the very same mercenaries and torturers as the former regime used against the struggling people. In fact the situation today is in some respects is even worse, as our government has abandoned even those standards of bourgeois legality which the Smith regime generally attempted to hide their repression behind. Under that regime you could be detained but a least you were more likely to be issued with a detention order. You were therefore, less likely to simply disappear as is the case today. The mercenaries and torturers used by the former regime are known and are very few, and therefore their exclusion from our security organs could not have disrupted those organs.

88. There are, in Zimbabwe today, so many different groups of armed men with power to do virtually anything to people. People get arrested by the C.I.O., the Law and Order Section of the police, the so-called ZIMPOLIS, the so-called ZANU Intelligence Service (which is not an arm of government), the Military Police of the Zimbabwe National Army, the Fifth Brigade (which seems to regard execution as the most effective method of arresting people), the Youth Brigade (which is also an arm of the party, but used as if it were part of the machinery of government), the Militia, by ZANU party officials, by undercover pseudo-dissidents – the list is endless. In fact, the rights of the Zimbabwe citizen as defined in the Constitution are meaningless.

89. One of the most disgraceful and shaming aspects of our independence which is difficult to defend, is that we have taken the methods and men used to oppress, torture and kill our people and tried to use them to consolidate our ‘independence’. You cannot take weapons, methods and people designed to defend colonial fascism and try to use to them defend the people. It is just not possible. Today in Zimbabwe the same torturers that Smith used against the people are back in business ‘defending a people’s government’. They must smile to themselves when they are ordered to continue their torture of patriots by an independent government.

90. The methods of torture are also the same: electric shocks, beatings, burning with cigarettes, suffocation using wet sacks, and psychological torture. In the recent case of the State vs Dabengwa and others, the government must surely have been embarrassed when the activities of Fraser, Arnold (of CIO) and DSO Kaurayi were revealed in court. These men whose record of torture and atrocities against the people during the liberation war are well known, were brought into this case by our government to use their same techniques against the heroes of the liberation struggle.

91. In court it was revealed that Fraser assaulted, tortured and threatened ZIPRA men to tell lies against their commanders. DSO Kaurayi did the same to workers on the NITRAM farms. Arnold, the so-called chief of the investigation offered bribes and threats to witnesses to try to get them to change their evidence. Fraser has now run back to his masters in Pretoria. Arnold and Kaurayi remain to be used again to prostitute justice and bring disgrace on the memories of the fallen heroes of our struggle.

92. Under the terms of the Indemnity Act, which we condemned as barbaric and fascist during the liberation struggle, a citizen has no right of appeal or redress against those who illegally torture, maim, kill, destroy property or do any illegal act on him or against him. I am sure you realize that the result of this use of Smith’s laws and torturers has been to create in an independent Zimbabwe a climate of terror and fear even more discriminate than that created by the Smith regime. Remember, there is no war in Zimbabwe today.

93. As it is in Zimbabwe, everyone faces this fear. It is a fear created by the fear the government itself obviously feels. What is it that the government is in fear of is not very clear, but the fact that our government lives in daily fear cannot be doubted.

Ministers fear to walk the streets without armed men around them, roads are sealed off, convoys of armed men race through the streets sirens wailing announcing this fear.

94. The real victims of this climate of fear are the people themselves. How can the people get on with the vital task of building the nation when all around them they feel this insecurity and fear? At any moment they know that this machinery of fear and repression may be turned against them. The people of Murewa may have not yet felt the bayonets of the Fifth Brigade, but they have already heard the stories. In their faces is the fear that one day this party army may be turned against them. It is certain that some ZANU members fear that the Fifth Brigade may be turned against ZANU and that it may even turn against its creators. Is this the climate of a confident, free, proud and independent people and government? You do not teach young people to be contemptuous of human life and expect them to respect yours.

95. Mr. Prime Minister, as I have mentioned above, the way the sec urity organs of Government in their generality is being used has created fear and despondency in the minds of a wide section of our people. But, let me stress, that the activities of the Fifth Brigade in particular are something I never expected could happen in Zimbabwe. I could not make myself believe that such activities could have been carried out with your knowledge and approval.

96. It was when you were reported to have given an astounding declaration at a rally in Zhombe that I realized you support what the Fifth Brigade has done and continue to do in Matebeleland; quote “When men and women provide food for dissidents, when we get there we eradicate them. We do not select who we fight, because we cannot tell who is a dissident and who is not ” (Financial Times, Telegraph and The Times, 15.4.83).

97. Comrade Prime Minister, you know that about two weeks before election day in March 1980, then Governor of Southern Rhodesia, Lord Soames, called all leaders of political parties contesting in the election and told them that “because of the security situation in the eastern Districts of Zimbabwe there could be no free and fair election there”, which meant election would in fact not take place.

98. You will remember, I am sure, that about four or three days before polling day, Lord Soames unilaterally and without consultation, announced that elections will take place in all districts in the country, including the Eastern Districts. I am sure you will agree with me that, with all the goodwill in the world, the Good Governor, could not have made the ‘Security Situation’ in the Eastern Districts so stable in less than two weeks, to be able to conduct ‘free and fair elections’.

99. You know as well as I do, that the unstable and dangerous security situation in the Eastern Districts was caused by your party, ZANU (PF) which maintained armed former ZANLA combatants throughout that area; who terrorized by beatings, tortures and even killing anyone who did not comply with ZANU (PF) directions. It was made impossible for any party other than ZANU (PF) to operate in the Eastern Districts area.

100. We in ZAPU tried to canvass support for elections in those districts, and ended up with two candidates killed, 18 party workers killed and several others severely beaten up, some of them permanently maimed, and while others disappeared to this day. I approached you and told you what your party was doing with little or no effect at all on the situation there.

101. Now that the 1985 elections are approaching ZANU (PF) has begun using the same tactics as were used in the Eastern Districts before and during the 1980 elections.

This time the Fifth Brigade is being used as state machinery to terrorise and coerce the people in Matebeleland. Some believe that you are doing all this not just for electoral advantage, but that your aim is genocide.

102. As an effective coercive stunt, the Fifth Brigade was deployed in the area ostensibly to root out dissidents but in fact to terrorise the masses by beatings, torture, killings, rapings, looting, burning of villages, and literally doing anything atrocious on such a large scale as to instill fear into the people, not only in the affected areas, but that the effects of the action would pervade the entire population of Zimbabwe.

103. This has been followed by maintenance in every area of sizeable groups of the Fifth Brigade and reinforced by armed Youth Brigades in areas like Gokwe and Zhombe to organize forced ‘Pungwes’ (rallies held from dusk to dawn) at which the old and the young are forcibly given doses of ZANU (PF) indoctrination. This group has continued to carry out selective beatings, torture, killings and kidnappings in their respective areas. In areas like Nkayi, Lupane and Tsholotsho only sizeable groups of the Fifth Brigade are maintained. It is general practice during these ‘Pungwes’ that young women, schoolgirls and residents’ wives are forced to have sexual intercourse with Brigadiers.

104. District Councillors, Chiefs and Headmen are o rdered by these armed young men to give numbers of people under them, and then given corresponding number of ZANU (PF) membership cards and told to return with cash and lists of names on a given day.

These are the methods used for organising rallies for ZANU (PF) Ministers and other officials.

105. I know and accept that the Fifth Brigade was deployed in these areas after the murder of about 200 people in about a year and the destruction of thousands of dollars worth of government equipment by dissidents. But Mr. Prime Minister, I am sure you appreciate the absurdity of trying to protect people who have had 200 of their number killed in 12 months by dissidents while the Fifth Brigade in the process of that protection kills 3,000 to 5,000 people in six weeks.

106. I know that you have denied that any such things have taken place in Matebeleland, but the fact is that the evidence of this is irrefutable and based on the testimony of numerous first- hand witnesses, not least on that of many of the victims who survived. These victims include teachers, nurses, District Councillors, etc. Apart from victim witnesses, there are among others well known international aid organizations who were friends of Zimbabwe during the war and after independence, came to work with our people on the ground level. Added to these witnesses are different Churches which work in the affected areas. I would refer especially to the testimony of no less than 6 Catholic Bishops who were moved to issue a joint signed pastoral statement at their Easter 1983 conference. They did this, I would remind you, after I made my own disclosure at a Press Conference and in parliament late in February.

107. It has to be appreciated that, a Bishop of the Catholic Church, indeed any Christian Bishop, is a person who has devoted his life to the service of God. In order that his ministry shall be effective, he has an obvious interest in maintaining friendly and cordial relations with the government of the day. It is certainly not in his interest, or that of his flock, to act in any way which will make such relations difficult or discordant. We may conclude therefore that when he is so moved he acts from a deep sense of personal conviction and from motives which can scarcely be said to spring from self-interest.

108. The following is an extract from their statement: “We entirely support the use of the army in a peace-keeping role. What we view with dismay are methods that have been adopted for doing so. Methods which should be firm and just have degenerated into brutality and atrocity. We censure the frightful consequences of such methods.

Violent reaction against dissident activity has, to our certain knowledge, brought About the maiming and death of hundreds and hundreds of innocent people who are neither dissidents nor collaborators. We are convinced by incontrovertible evidence that many wanton atrocities and brutalities have been and are still being perpetrated. We have already forwarded such evidence to the Government”.

109. I would remind you of the basis on which this testimony is made. It stems from the first- hand reports of numerous parish priests, priests who are articulate and responsible officers of their church and who are in close daily contact with the people of their parishes.

Again in the interest of their work they have everything to gain from maintaining good relations with the government of the day, and much to lose from a failure to do so.

110. Hence their testimony is surely to be judged to be disinterested, just as their motives for offering it can spring from nothing but a desire to serve their people. In this light is it possible for anyone in a position of authority and hence responsibility for these outrages, and possessed of the merest sense of human sensibility and compassion to feel other than a deep sense of shame and a desire to make amends for all this grievous suffering? 111. I was amazed and bewildered when Dr. Nathan Shamuyarira dismissed the Catholic Bishop’s statement as ‘irresponsible, contrived propaganda’. But I thought because as Minister of Information, he would swallow what the Bishops in their well-considered statement said about his government -controlled mass media which has, to quote the same pastoral statement: “singularly failed to keep the people of Zimbabwe properly informed of the facts which are common knowledge, both in areas concerned and outside them through the reports of reliable witnesses. The facts point to a reign of terror caused by wanton killings, woundings, beatings, burnings and rapings. Many homes have been burnt down. People in rural areas are starving, not only because of the drought, but because in some cases supplies of food have been deliberately cut off and in other cases access to food supplies has been restricted or stopped. The innocent have no recourse or redress, for fear of reprisals”.

112. I was shattered when you as Prime Minister said of the Bishops’ well thought and constructive pastoral letter: quote: “The seven Catholic Bishops’s pastoral statement sermonizing my Government on the morality of our military operations in Matebeleland as they affect human rights and our policy of reconciliation is the latest pronouncement on the subject.

You further said the Bishops were playing to the international gallery and you are mere megaphone agents of your external masters” – “this band of Jeremiahs”. “In these circumstances, your allegiance and loyalty to Zimbabwe becomes extremely questionable” Considering that the Church in general and the Catholic Bishops in particular on the Question of human rights, were very outspoken during our war of independence, one wonders where we are being headed to.

113. Looking at your attitude towards this most serious occurrence in your country, it appears that for many of our people the result of a 15-year armed struggle has not been to achieve the liberties for which they fought, but an increase in the oppression against which they took up arms in the first place. I agree completely with the Bishops when they declare, “These brutal methods will have the opposite effect to what the Government is intending to achieve”, and we would add that terror did not work under Smith and it will not work today under us.

114. As a direct result of Government terrorism thousands of people have fled into neighbouring territory and many, many more have left their villages and gone into hiding. In keeping with the worst excesses of the Smith era there has been the burning of villages and other barbarities referred to in the report, as well as the widespread practice of extortion and attempts at compulsory indoctrination as stated in preceding paragraphs.

115. This is not government, it is the abuse of government, an abuse which transforms the rule of law into the law of rule. As such it cannot lead to a free, united, peaceful and prosperous Zimbabwe. But to one in which oppression, division, violence and poverty will shadow all our hopes, and make a mockery of the freedom struggle in which so many heroes gave their lives.

116. In the final section of their statement the Bishops appeal to the Government to use its authority to stop these excesses and call for the establishment of a judicial commission. We fully support this call. But I feel that the problem facing us in Zimbabwe today requires an approach much more resolute, much more embracing than ever attempted by ZANU and ZAPU before. A judicial commission as proposed by the Bishops should be a part of wider machinery composed of a wide spectrum of our society, who should examine our composite problems together with government, seek and find solutions which should be implemented jointly by the people and government. If the people of Zimbabwe and their government fail to find a solution to this serious situation in which we find ourselves, our enemies will exploit the situation and destroy us.

117. Remember, Prime Minister, Zimbabwe and the people have to defend the country from these enemies. But today Zimbabwe is defenceless because the people live in fear, not of these enemies, but of their own government. What has happened to the brave and determined, confident and fearless people of Zimbabwe and their soldiers of liberation, who showed the world that no power on earth could prevent us from achieving our freedom? That was a time when even our enemies had to admire us for our courage and determination. Today our enemies laugh at us. What they see is a divided, confused and frightened people, led by a divided, confused and frightened government.

Government which has the love, respect and confidence of the people does not have to use the laws and weapons of colonial regimes to protect itself. The people themselves will protect their government if they have full trust in it. Fear is a weapon of despair, used by those who fear the people. This is the time and opportunity to rebuild trust, find the solution to our problems and defend the country as a united people.

Yours sincerely
Joshua M. Nkomo

The Hon. Robert Gabriel Mugabe
The Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
Milton Buildings, Causeway,

  • Chatunga

    Ok so it looks like Bob akatanga nyaya dzake kudhara dzekunyepa nekupomera vanhu mhosva dzavasina kuita. I am Shona but this letter really moved me. We need to start afresh pasina muroyi uyu!!!

    • bona pombiyatyoka

      ndaimbo muupporterwo but munhu inyoka iyi . hokoyo bona mudhara wako achafafa manje manje

    • JustSayingForReal

      We kept telling you guys for yrs but to most people we were just being tribalists. Matebeland has been singing the same tune, only now the rest of the country wants to join the choir because it affects them directly.

  • murombo

    man this is something else where has this letter been all these years so we have a leader a manipulator.
    why do people like bhobho survive all these years live and feed on lies and creating troubles and problems when will he learn a disagreement does not constitute enmity
    why do we have such an old leader who lacks wisdom
    I hope one day all this will be in our history books not the lies and lies and garbage

    • Nkabinde

      all the tribalism and hate we have in zim is because of mugabe.other african leaders like Mandela unified their nations and did not care about tribe.the real reason mugabe did this was because of his agenda of a one party state,in short he is a dictator.just imagine according to this leter in some instances they would kill about 3000 in 6 weeks.why would mugabe kill thousands of people all because of less than 10 people? infact i dont think there were any dissidents,it was mugabe`s creation so as to kill innocent people.its really sad to note that people of harare understand this now that he is doing this to them.look at years 2000,2002 and 2008.just have a look at mrambatsina,look at the persecution of morgan and his people.these people would never ever change.

      • Jazzy E

        Hmmmm you think there is no tribalism in SA ? Wake up my dear fellow !!

    • JustSayingForReal

      In Matebeland we have always know this. Its surprises me how people from Mashonaland all of a sudden see a monster we have pointing out for decades, only now. Only now when the everyone is going hungry. Who stood for us.

  • fnyathi

    But Gwasela and Gaigusi were there. It is a fact that dissidents were there. They killed people and they refused to surrender the weapons. My cousin was a policeman and he almost got killed by dissidents well after the war. My question is , “Why?” How would Nkomo look innocent.

    • zvangu zvauya

      Gwasela and Gaigusu were there true, but the resorted to their activities because as Nkomo said, several of ZIPRA cadres were being rounded up and executed. Thats why they decided to fight Mugabe. Mugabe has always been a useless leader who likes to look for excuses to blame other people for his failures. Have you read what Nkomo said about the land issue? We are DOOMED with Mugabe. He is worse than Ian Smith.

      • bona pombiyatyoka

        remember nkomo died in 1999 . in his last statement he died tell about those things happening . I’m shona and really do wish nkomo had been my leader

    • simon

      After ZANU was formed its relations with ZAPU were like MDC _ZANU relations today. Difference is that both had armed wings. These armed wings’ leaders were indoctrinated against each other. After ZANU ejected Sithole another armed wing aligned to Sithole existed. Then the Pfumo Revanhu aka Auxilliary Forces. There was a Unity Army of ZIPRA and ZANLA called ZIPA which did not last. After the war ZANU seemed to be determined to exterminate / weaken ZAPU and (former) ZIPRA combatants. It would seem that there was a possibility of ZIPRA attempting a takeover as was the case with UNITA in Angola and RENAMO in Mozambique. If dissidents had been commanded from the wartime command of Joshua Nkomo there would have been a fierce civil war in Zimbabwe as was the case in the two other countries mentioned before. I do not think he would have failed to rally the troops who were at M<utare and Murehwa , at Entumbane andf other camps all over the country. During the 1985 elctions Mugabe likened ZAPU/ ZIPRA members and suppoters as tree stumps in a crop field which needed to be uprooted. This resulted in many such people ending up on the streets with their property destroyed. This may have possibly fuelled the dissident activity spontaneously rather than from a ZAPU organised position.

      • simon

        how come my contribution has been “srambled” where it matters most?

        • burning spear

          re-post, simon…..we want to read that corrupted part of your post

          • maita

            The last post was a speech by Mugabe at Chibuku stadium where he urged zanupf supporters to uproot zaou supporters from their midst and their was blood chilling events after that, houses were burnt, people killed and tortured for just not being shona. I am shona but I was angered. Youths moved around at night putting holes on targeted houses around chitungwiza and in the morning we were woken up and asked to break any house which had a hole in the window. I remember it because I sneaked away after crossing Hombarume Dr in Zengeza going to ma core house.

    • bona pombiyatyoka

      I agree with you dissidents were there but bob overreacted bcoz of his insecurities

      • Asante Kotoko

        There were no dissidents,not real ones anyways, unless you are referring to armed robbers and such. Do the maths, how many were killed or captured(in the act)and how many came in after the amnesty.?I will maintain there were no organised dissidents @ all, maybe a few armed robbers or thieves. Most dissident groups that got a lot of mention were false flag operations, state run and sponsored just like Alqaeda and the USA(CIA). Don’t you conveniently forget that RGM was in the full employ of the crown at this time.

    • Asante Kotoko

      My cousin was in the police support unit, he used to be deployed as a dissident sometimes

  • Ndini Murevesi

    The leopard has never changed it’s spots. The same tactics, strategies and systems used during the times of Mdhala Wethu as an active opposition leader of Zapu are the same being used against MDC and it’s leader Morgan Tsvangirai. Fabrication, lies, accusation and killings, raping, torture, murder, maiming, violance, incersaration the list is endless. All our prayer is for God to take this monster away at his appropriate time so that we start to rebuild our country through peace, tranquility, tolerance, harmony, reconciliation, unity, freedom and respect of humanity.

    Only time will tell. Bob is not immortal and will not live for ever like any human being on the planet earth he cannot fight against nature and prevail. At 89 already the writting is on the wall and the clock is fast ticking so that he will meet his creator and answer for all the atrocities and bloodshed caused on to the defenceless masses of people since 1980.

    May God heal our land and restore the dignity it deserves among many nations.

    • bona pombiyatyoka

      i dnt think he’ll ever get a chance to meet our king . he’s going straight to hades to be with his father the devil. but why did nkomo go into government with the snake

  • Sydney08

    People who lived in Mashonaland sometimes amaze me and then on the other hand really forgive them for their ignorance.Dissidents were there I saw them with my own eyes and they were never sponsored by Joshua Nkomo.That I know for sure, because they were committing atrocities against ZAPU stalwarts such as Luke Khumalo who was a headmaster of Tegwane High School in Plumtree.They also kidnapped white tourists at Esigodini.Other high profile Zapu members were not spared either.If they were sent by Nkomo why did they target Zapu members? They committed atrocities against Zapu supporters as well.Was Joshua Nkomo insane or mentally disturbed? During those days pple of Matabeleland who had no protection from the government were scared of the dissidents and they were also scared of Gukurahundi as well.Some spent nights sleeping in the bush and mountains, thinking that these dissidents would come by night, yet Mugabe’s government accused everybody in Matabeleland to be a dissident.You would not travel to Harare during those days, because once they heard you speak in Ndebele they would assume you were a dissident.I want you all to know that Mugabe has given Shona pple a bad name, among the generality of Ndebeles, Mugabe is the one who has always been evil and has taught those around him to be evil.We will hear more about Mugabe once he dies.In Matebeleland, pple do not hate Mugabe, because he is Shona, but because Mugabe has always proved that he is an evil man.Enos Nkala. Mark Dube are people who will never be forgotten in Matabeleland for championing Mugabe’s attitude towards Ndebeles.This is a man who has always been very vindictive and callous.He will never change until he goes to hell where he belongs.

    • mutaura chokwadi

      apoka pakuda kuzoti vanhu vanogara ku mashonaland ndipo patinokonana. ndebeles hate shonas saka muchagara muchiona moto. when i was at college ndebeles used to hold partys and say ndebeles only party. they are so tribalist so shall the shona treat him like such. hamuna kwenyu.. munoda kuzviita ma south africans. ma southafricans acho haakudeyi saka kana made zve zim motoita zvedu isu mashona. nxaaaaaaa

      • zvangu zvauya

        …lets rise above tribal politics bro!!

        • bona pombiyatyoka

          apa wataura chokwadi ndinoziva mandevere mazhinji anozviti ma south africans

          • Qhawe lama Qhawe

            Yes most of us do come from South Africa, Swaziland, lesotho & Botswana. But i got a question for you, how come most of you stwinas deny your homeland Nigeria, Ghana, Congo etc where you arrogant gentiles come from

          • Jazzy E

            Ignorant twats like you don’t know that ndebeles are Bantu, and as such also originate from Nigeria, Ghana Congo etc. But you have your empty head stuck so far up own arse, you would not know facts if they slapped you around your thick skull.

          • Obed Nkomo

            We are South Africans by heritage. Where else in Africa can you find 30% of the population speak exactly like Ndebeles. Where else is the Africa does the president speak like Ndebeles. I think its South Africa. In Kosovo (a province in Serbia) the population is almost made up of ethnic Albanians. But there is Albania . Why do black Americas call themselves African Americas because they have an African. Actually we are supposed to be called Zimbabwean Zulus. In addition if you are applying at UNISA on Home Language what are we supposed to enter: We fill in Zulu.

          • bona pombiyatyoka

            yes you are correct kasi ma Zulu’s they don’t want to hear about you . we love you more . Just accept reality you are Zimbabweans.

          • bona pombiyatyoka

            Hatisi kuramba kuti muri ma south Africans kasi ma zulu ndiko vasingakudei . Isuzu we love you so much and you are part of us .

      • simon

        I went to school with friends we used to call die hard ndebeles. Their cause was not against Shonas, but about maintaining their ndebele identity. Among themselves, they also highly respect the KaKhumalo people and treat them as royalty. I worked with Ndebeles, ZIPRAs and ZANLAs and there was so much rapport that I do not know where this discrimination thing {on a Wide scale) really is. Finally, on my first tourist visit to Bulawayo, speaking Shona and English only, during the dissident era, I was given a place to bath, breakfast, and directions by a ndebele who hardly understood Shona. I like Zimbabweans, Black or white, Shona or Ndebele, English or portuguese, Nyanja or, Moscanetc They are a lovely people who co-exist with little friction despite tribal differences.

        • kalembe katave

          I was 12 yrs jus started my grade three round about end of February to early March 1983. We were at school deep in the middle of matebeleland north in lupane. At around 3 pm ,every one at school started running away some kids back to their homes we preferred running towards the thickets. .we survived. All the kids who went to their homes were never seen to this day.we spent two days walking without food nor water to drink. we headed towards lupane district centre because we had heard we could be safe.
          As we descended at lupane siphuma e guswini le Gwampa.,we met by people coming out of there saying everyone is being killed little did we know we were already sorrounded. We were captured by the five brigade and brought to a lonely place . .a few kids including me were put aside all the group with us shot in front of us. It was about sunset and sooner the night fell on us that’s how we survived because the brigade headed towards lupane centre and left us in the company of dead bodies
          I dont know what happened there after all i can say I ended up in Hwange.
          It’s true there were dissidents, people we knew but also working as support units.But did it have to be like that. Am a grown man now ,no parents, most relatives were killed. Am grateful i have my kids its the greatest comfort I have. This letter revives the past its sad ,its torture. All these years I have longed to ask President Mugabe one question, but I have never met him in person only from a distance. Because am a child of the kingdom I learned to forgive but still wrestling to forget..
          I pray for peace prosperity of the nation ,I dont hate I love all mankind.President Mugabe Will Resign please.That’s the greatest leadership you can give Zimbabwe, Resign please

      • Ibalina

        You are a hatter mate,God forgive you.!

      • Zezuru Swina

        Ulisende lomuntu wena Mataura

  • Genesis23456




  • zvangu zvauya

    ….only gullible people don’t know that Mugabe is the real sell out. The man is in it for himself. This letter will open most people’s eyes so they can see for themselves the idiot that this man is. He was accusing Muzorewa of being used by In Smith, then he accused Nkomo of being used by racist South Africa and now he accuses Tsvangison of being used by the west!! Meanwhile, he takes no responsibility whatsoever for his misrule…..Mugabe is worse than Ian Smith. By Easter, the soldiers, the police and the entire civil service, will have no salaries at all whilst he blames everyone else iye achidya achiguta. Tichaonerera gore rino; kunotsva mipini matemo achisara!!

    • bob

      Joshua Mthabuko Nkomo waNyon’olo shud have been the first black president of Zimbabwe…..

      • zvangu zvauya

        true…but Mugabe was being backed the WEST…the very people he now calls his enemies !!

      • Zezuru Swina

        Nice one Bob- its Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo ka Nyongolo- dont be offended just correcting you mate

  • burning spear

    father zimbabwe….one day the truth will out and soon we will find out who is the real revolutionary because i don’t want my people to be tricked by mercenaries

    • Zimba Zvipiko

      Indeed the late King of Reggae ,Robert Nesta Marley must be turning in his gave with anger.Everything Bob Marley prophesied in his 1979 hit song Zimbabwe has turned out to be true& has come to pass thanks mainly to the murderous ,thieiving ,corrupt Zanu pf Merchants of death masquerading as real revolutionaries.RIP Dr JM NKOMO ,Umdala wethu ,Father Zimbabwe!.

    • john

      Joshua Nkomo had a vision for zimbabwe. A real father for the nation indeed. I was touched by this letter, But where did this guy come from, i mean robert?

      • zvangu zvauya

        …Robert was being sponsored by the the West thats why he managed to get away with this treacherous behaviour!!

  • MommyBona

    As much as people are labbelling Mugabe as the same old fool, here it doesnt look like he is a fool because he plays his game and he does it so well. To me he is a genius. He plans his tactis and he always succeed. VanaTsvangison matofo will always fall short to this man. I still salute him. A real player is the one who knows his game so well.

    • Morgan ka1

      True he looks like a genius but is a very good example of a dictator. Every one around him fear for their lives so they pretend to like him so much that they cannot even criticize him because dictators do not tolerate opposition along their way. So hudofo huri muvanhu veZANU (PF) ndihwo hwauri kuverenga muna Morgan but Morgan is brave, ndozvandinomudira izvozvo nokuti he challenges a dictator zvokutorishaisa hope rirere muState house.

    • zvangu zvauya

      ..but by so doing, the man has destroyed the country….that’s NOT what a clever person does….you need to the read the part where Nkomo talks about land reform to see the guy was a visionary. Mugabe has NO clue how to run the country. That’s why he keeps blaming everyone for everything.

    • mutaura chokwadi

      You are correct, Nkomo was a fool to be played by Mugabe. Mugabe is a politician and over and over again he has proved he can play the game better. He united with Nkomo and nkomo was overridden, he did the same thing with tsavngson. The problem is not Mugabe, the problem is that there is no competition. the competitin there is just not that good



    • bona pombiyatyoka

      no doubt bob is an evil genious . kasi tanzwa nezhara shamwari

  • Chezhira

    A moving letter…now I know the truth… I am shona but Nkomo was more than a Ndebele but a Zimbabwean…nuff respect!!!!

    • zvangu zvauya

      I believe Nkomo was a Kalanga and NOT Ndebele…I stand to be corrected on this one…but thats what I was made to believe as I was growing up!!

      • DANDARO

        He was a Zimbabwean

        • Gayigusu Mafafaza

          Good answer Dandaro, such answers come from people who are progressive, very good response

      • mutaura chokwadi

        The surname Nkomo is not a ndebele surname. He just happened to grow up with the ndebeles

      • bona pombiyatyoka

        mazezuru kukambira . nkomo was Ndebele .unfortunately wedu ndi bob

      • Zezuru Swina

        He was a zimbabwean Ndebele speaking.> mate

      • Obed Nkomo

        We the real Ndebeles were brought up to believe that all people from Matebeleland are Ndebeles. Its only the VETOKA who were told to be feel VETOKA to weaken the Ndebele kingdom. I do not segregate the VETOKA. VETOKA stands for Venda, Tonga and Kalanga.

        • maita

          Unfortunately you won’t get pure Ndebele. most of you have grand mothers from Masvingo if you choose to follow up on yourself. Impis used to raid Karangas and abduct strong boys and beautiful women and these fused into the Ndebeles so to get a pure breed Ndebele is difficult. Besides this the point is Mugabe lies and dangerously believe the lie and he has roped in some Ndebeles to lie and believe the lie on his behalf people like Jonathan Moyo.

  • zvangu zvauya

    …please take note that whilst Mugabe was abusing Nkomo and the people of Matebeleland, he was being sponsored by the British and the Americans who accused Nkomo of being a Soviet puppet!!


      Its neither here nor there that the butcher was sponsored by the Martians or by whoever, he maimed, displaced and killed his own people on a genocidal scale, and still uses the same ruthless and merciless tactics on Zimbabweans with divergent views to his. Please, lets stop always accusing outsiders (the west.south africa, the Martians etc) for Mugabe and Zanu’s brutality on Zimbabweans. What happened to our independence, freedom and sovereignty which Mugabe is always preaching? We are the authors of our own destiny in good times or in times when we brutalise each other.This letter shows that Mugabe has always been offered sound advice but always took devilish and selfish paths, that’s why we are where we are – in DEEP, DEEP SHIT!!!!!

      • zvangu zvauya

        I was trying to raise the issue that Mugabe whilst blaming Tsvangison today of being backed by the west, was himself once backed by the British….NO one can doubt that Mugabe is USELESS as a leader who will never unite the country!!

        • DANDARO

          Cool my man, we are in the same trench as the rest of ZImbabweans

  • MaMthombeni

    What incredible insight.. Even though this letter was written so many years ago, look at how much of it is true and relevant now. Fear is keeping us from doing the all so important job of building our nation. With the amount of intellect that is there in Zimbabwe,do you know that we could be miles ahead of Kenya and South Africa? If we just had a government that was for the people by the people. I am not a ZANU supporter but I take my hat off to them for opening mining rights. The land redistribution programme was/ is a very noble idea if implemented right. A lot of their policies sound and look good on paper. How they go about their implementation is another story. Joshua Nkomo saw, all those years ago what we are seeing now. The sad part is that asikathi one. Kung’khona sizakuthi ‘tata enjeni’.

  • lala mulaya

    hey hey hey,come on people,i am not here to challenge or support the credibility and the contents of the letter but but my question is,’after all these years of languishing and suffering,fighting and trying to topple Mugabe from power,where have this letter been?’ what good does this letter produce to all of the readers than to increase hate and inflict pain on people’s wounds? i think its something we don’t need at this time. we were at the peak of our political struggles in the 2000’s to 2008. People died and many were tortured but we never read a piece of this letter.Why now of all these years? Meanwhile we haven’t heard Mugabe’s side of the story and we don’t want to hear it either. Thats wat exactly these western governments are doing all over the world but we are applauding them. To be honest with you guys,a normal person would ask himself why was Mugabe reacting like this at the first place. He must have heard something or they had credible evidence to support their allegations. People of Zimbabwe,zimbabwe is ours,lets all go and get registered on the voters roll and encourage our youths to vote and topple this government one day.

    • zvangu zvauya

      the letter has been published because Mugabe is lying that he offered the President’s post to Nkomo and he is behaving as if he was a good citizen to his fellow countryman and freedom fighter. Mugabe is a liar who needs to be exposed!!…after reading that letter people can judge for themselves!!.

  • EnoughISenough

    So Zim history was cooked to make RGM the mighty ‘Hero’.I can’t wait for the idiot to die so that the truth will be dished out by ppl like Munangagwa and the like.

  • mutaura chokwadi

    blah blah blah what a good letter. people was easily fooled. there is no even an authenticity to this letter. where was it all along and how did the people who published get hold of it. was it a public letter to Mugabe……if it was a public letter can you please let us know on which platform it was published…I doubt if it was published in Zim, Mugabe would have allow that to happen.. judging with how this letter is potraying thekind of person he is. If it was a private letter, i also doubt Mugabe would have given someone such a letter so they can read such trush

    • Gidza

      are you refuting the contents of the letter or the authenticity of it being written by Nkomo. Your arguments against the authenticity of the letter are very weak. 1. One would expect that an official letter to the Prime Minister would have a copy made and Nkomo would have given the letter to a trusted aide to file the letter. 2. You are assuming that the only copy of the Letter was the one sent to Mugabe, but my dear countryman, anyone with a sense of need for records to be maintained would have made a copy. For what reason you ask, lets assume that Mugabe was to meet Nkomo at a regional brokered meeting for peace in Zimbabwe in 1984 and Mugabe was to deny Nkomo ever attempted to contact him regarding said events in Matebeleland, Nkomo would produce the letter as evidence that he tried to contact Mugabe. The address to The Prime Minister, means this was not a private letter to Mugabe and as such Mugabe should not and can not assume that it was for his private digest. I mentioned the authenticity of it being written by Nkomo because as the letter does not contain a handwritten signature, it being written by Nkomo can certainly be questioned. I am sure the people are more concerned with the contents, is there anyone to refute the contents. Now as to the timeing of the letter, it is Mugabe who opened the can of worms when he attempted to paint a rosey picture between him and Nkomo. You must also admit that technology is proving to be unkind to those who want to keep secrets, see how people can say what they want about Mugabe online but would be arrested in zim. More and more information truth or not is going to come out regarding the history of Zimbabwe. When history was only in books, the winner wrote His story as history but with the internet the masses have a voice.

    • Nkabinde

      i first read this letter in 2002 but then it was censored,even the original story of my life was censored.i know 2 guys that were arrested in harare for possession of the original book.one was lecturer there managed to run away but was later arrested in his hometown in masvingo,sad thing is he is still attending court on trumped up charges

    • Gayigusu Mafafaza

      Mutaura there are people who keep records in case you are not one of them. That is the reason why you still find letters written by old great legends like Winston Churchill even though they were private letters. It is the truth and you just need to accept that RGM and hos cronies have messed up the country and Nkomo forwarned them while there was still time

    • zvangu zvauya

      …you need to read Nkomo’s autobiography to get the bigger picture bro!! Whilst I am NOT saying everything in there is GOSPEL truth, it will leave you with a lot of questions about Mugabe and his qualities as a leader…

    • guest

      This might be your first time seeing this letter, but it has been around for ages. Just google Nkomo letter to Mugabe, and check the dates on those pages. It has been widely circulated, you are just reading it here for the first time.

  • Can only afford a Spark

    This letter has been on the internet for ages. Many people have blogged it. It had just not been posted on a Zim website. People must be gaining guts now!

  • walazi ngobe

    Ohh my goodness , J Nkomo was the first black president for Zim no matter what ,

  • Dharma Appavoo

    The impoverished condition of Zimbabwe will not surprise the dispassionate onlooker.
    The economy was intentionally ruined by the 34-year long strangulation of international trade ………… orchestrated by the United Nations Organisation as the penalty for the triumph of the patriotic Robert Mugabe.
    The UNO had no mandate to denounce patriotism Nor to champion the White Farmers of Rhodesia who were the usurpers of territory.
    Robert Mugabe is the Greatest Patriot that ever existed. No other native leader has re-claimed land from a foreigner..

  • The Fuhrer

    “I have conspired, and continue to conspire, with South Africa to do that,”. that does not add up.

  • Sobohla Manyosi

    Fellow Zimbabweans thanks for rising above tirbalism, i’m impressed by people’s comments. However those in doubt as of the authenticity of this letter pliz read Mdala’s book The Story Of My Life (it’s there in all British libraries) as well as revisit video clips that were played by zbc during Mdala’s funeral, in them he is talikng about the land question the same way as in this letter. In his book most of this letter is there too.
    Our history needs a complete overhaul – school children are taught a lot of lies.UMdala was a true nationalist a true Zimbabwean; remember even his Zapu leadership comprised of all tribes. Also remember how he stood for Srive Masiyiwa of Econet.

  • Sobohla Manyosi

    During ys everybody was umtanenhlabathi/mwanawebvu and he had both Shona and Ndebele nick names Chibwechitedza, uMafukufuku, uMdala wethu, Father Zimbabwe. in his rally speeches he never name-called his opponents at zanu pf. he was loved throughout the country as a matter of fact ZIPRA operated even in Chinhoyi, Magunje and most of Mashonaland west because he was not liberating Matabeleland but Zimbabwe. this tribalism and politics of name-calling your opponents is a new thing brought about other people i can not mention. at his death, Hunzwi literally broke down and old people in deep Mash Central were seen criying

  • Nkosinathi

    Mugabe and his wife still are racist how come in a country with many tribes they only their language and English which is not our country language .but they want all Zimbabwean to vote for them .the fact is they don’t deserve to be the leaders of the country they are forcing .

  • Zezuru Swina

    Tears roll down my face whenever my Granny tells me those old stories, it will never end ,i try note to hate them but Kuyala, il keep trying thou

  • Ngwalongwalo

    Mugabe is a snake and as such if as citizens of the Zimbabwe we fall for what he wants us to do, we will hate each other for no reason, he has shown all these years that he is capable of dividing the people of this country and making them hate each other, he is the devil that does not deserve to rule the people of Zimbabwe, All tis he does it to consolidate his power .

  • Mbokodo

    The truth about Mugabes madness can be traced back to his childhood and the hatred towards the Ndelele people,lets not forget that hear is child who grew up without any father figure in his life and had to be raised by Jesuit priest and nuns at a missonary. By the time he had grown up he went in search of his father across the country and found him married to a Ndelele woman and living in the poor Bulawayo township of Makokoba,the indignity of sharing one single room between families separated by a bed sheets must have spared him to become the monster that we now all know about and has never forgiven the Ndelele’s.What happened between Bona and his enstranged father was not the responsibility of us Ndebeles.

  • David

    A leopard never changes his spots for sure, today in 2015, Mugabe is still the same guy!

  • Analyst

    This fellow subscribes to the teachings of the 16th century Niccolo Machiavelli too much. But what he fails to realize is that times have changed and so is politics. We are no longer living in those medieval times. By then it made the Prince or Emperor very popular but the very opposite is true these days for the simple reason that people are now civilized and value the sanctity of human life.

  • festo

    There is no way of “starting afresh” with the same dog which has bitten and tasted human blood.

  • andy

    Please analyses the whole letter. I was so moved by part 117. This Men was a true visionary . There is no need to fight between our selves . I do have a life to leave same applies with you . No need to fight Mugabe , God has an answer. But as Zimbos we need to stand up for our country . If told to fight your fellow Zimbo rather beat the sender. Finish.

  • Mase Koolz

    deep long painful letter

  • Many of these words from the great #Zapu leader are still very apt advice to the @zanupf Government today.

  • A selfless patriotic leader. He denied himself for Zimbabwe.He chose to suffer pain for Citizens. A LEADER. #THISFLAG

  • Makuvademba vese ka vakafa. Maifunga kuti muchairima minda yese yamaitambira kongonya paZtv

  • Surely i say to you that the spirit and vision of Nkomo lives on. He had talked about many revelations were possible to happen. His words are still ringing in the ears to some of us who believed in him. The nation lost the greatest who was underestimated by the new government that sort to eliminate him, knowing that if they got rid of him they would do what they pleased them.

  • Dumiso Dabengwa should have continued with the vision of Father Zimbabwe, ZANU PF has been accusing other communities who happened to differ with them ever since .A violent party with blood on its hands.What goes around comes around.The blood of many innocent people will revenge one day.

  • ah, ko munhu akabvira kare uyu

  • Ma only Hero.i salute you.lala ngoxolo.

  • Ayibo wabhala umafukufuku nd lento wayibona isuka kodwa ke ngoba uBob was power hungry he resisted.namanje keeps on resisting

  • Awu ngathi iqhawe lethu langempela lingalala ngoxolo..

  • How many crimes did this pple hv comitted why not arresting them.they killed thousands of people zvishoma here ?how many others do they have to kill and make them disappear. .zvonzi they went missing kuti ma ice here anonyunguduka. .we have a letter from our poor father Nkomo he suffered for our freedom and justice but vakamutsikirira kusvika avhara muromo why can’t thy be summoned with that letter. until now pple still went missing. .they planted army in farms coz thy wanted to eliminate Nkomo. Well done u have succided but his spirit is alive u wnt kill it # thisflag

  • Iam deeply disappointed with Robert Mugabe.
    This criminal should be sent to the Hague for mass murders and a cotorie of unspeakable offences.

    I hate you Robert.

    I take away my gesture whèn I handed a white corkrel to you in 1983 at St Pauls Mission Musami.

    You dont deserve any respect.

    Joshua Nkomo, Edison Sithole, Edgar Tekere and Morgan Tsvangirai all went through hell from your paranoia and souped up charges of treason .

    You are a disgrace to humankind.

  • This sounds sooo familiar. It might as well have been written last week. Looks like zvakabvira pakutanga zvakangodai. Pakaipa mhani

  • Fadzai Fo Nyaude

  • Huge loss 2 Zim R.I.P

  • This Man called Robert Mugabe, has been a problem, he is very manipulative and conniving leader who thinks he can get away with everything, when I was growing up according to how Dr Nkomo was portrayed by Mugabe regime, he made me think that Dr Nkomo was evil and a dissident not knowing our Visionary leader Father Zimbabwe Nkomo had already saw how cunning and bad hearted this Mugabe was, and Mugabe devided the Shonas and Ndebeles for his benefits, nothing benefited the country only him and his family, May The Shonas and Ndebeles rise and take whats ours from this Colonialist Robert Gabriel Mugabe, United we stand Devided, we fall.

  • Pliz all those who are lazy of reading must try to go over this peace from Father Zimbabwe,indeed a great leader visionary this letter was written more than 30yrs ago but it seems like it was written yesterday,Mnangagwa and Sekeramai did all the dirty work for him but now his dumping them for the love of power,Mugabe killed innocent Zimbabweans in matebeland with his gukurahundi and as Nkomo predicted he did the same in Mashonaland during 2000s lets we forget

  • number 87 touched me.

  • Yooo this is a sad story indeed bt at list we all now know tht the enemy of both shonas and ndebeles is mugabe

  • What goes around always comes around now is the time

  • Please please those who are lazy when it comes to reading please try to read this letter. Its an eye opener and it seems it was written yesterday yet it was written more than 30 years ago.

  • Xavier Stobart

    The only intelligent person to come out of the liberation struggle was Mugabe,i mean look guys in all honesty Joshua Nkomo knew exactly what kind of person Mugabe is but he did nothing whatsoever to try and shield the people of Zimbabwe from this disaster called Mugabe,he even failed to protect the ndebele people his own tribe together with dabengwa went and served in a government that they knew was guilty of murder and subversion ,they did not utter a word ,they died in silence ,they sold out ,history when re written will show that dabengwa and Nkomo carried the hopes of the Matabele people but they sold out,,if Nkomo had been man enough Zimbabwe would be in a different situation today,nkomo is not my hero ,dabengwa is not my hero ,infact they are accessories to murder and genocide

  • Mugabe yu are greedy ..

  • Mr Nkomo was an honorable man, this letter makes sense even to me though i was born 6 years after it was scribbled..it reflects how R.G(rombe guru) was, and still is, a conniving, scheming and paranoid bastard.truth needs no foil of rhetoric, i must conclude, R.G’s incredible ineptitude is epitomised now when the country is in an economic cesspit and his madness shown by how he is trying to clutch on the last straws of his regrettable leadership.to sum up such a man i would say again: an animal in a mad man’s body. Lala ngoxolo mdala wethu Joshua Nkomo.your visionary leadership memories are engraved in our hearts forever..

  • Nonsense story

  • kogu

    We need to apologise and mend relationships with our brothers what I now know is really pathetic

  • Ngonidzashe Chikukwa

    hahahahahahaha vaive nenguva baba ava yekunyora
    any ways true though