The Nigerian sprinter, Blessing Okagbare, has been charged with three offences by the Athletics Integrity Unit.
She was suspended during the Tokyo Olympics after testing positive for a human growth hormone following a test in July.
The 32 year old later tested positive for another banned substance which increases the red blood cell count.
She has also been charged for not co-operating with the investigation carried out by the Athletics Integrity Unit.
Ms Okagbare – who won the silver medal in the long jump at the Beijing Olympics in 2008 – denies all the charges. BBC News