MISA condemns arrest of AMH journalists, cites violation of human rights
The Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA Zimbabwe chapter) has condemned the arrest of Alpha Media Holdings editor-in-chief Wisdom Mdzungairi and senior reporter Desmond Chingarande over allegations that they published falsehoods, citing that the move undermined the right to freedom of expression.
Mdzungairi and Chingarande were on 3 August 2022 arrested and charged over a story they published pertaining to the legal squabbles relating to Glenforest Memorial Park in Harare.
They are being accused of contravening Section 164C of the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act, as amended through the Cyber and Data Protection Act, which relates to publishing false data messages intending to cause harm.
The police have since recorded their warned and cautioned statements and advised that they would be notified of the court dates. They are represented by their lawyer, Jeremiah Bamu, who was deployed by MISA Zimbabwe.
It is MISA’s position, however, that the provisions used to arrest Chingarande and Mudzingairi had a chilling effect on free expression.
“Any limitation to this right should qualify under the three-pronged test, which requires legality, proportionality and necessity. It is also our position that criminal sanctions on false news are disproportionate and not necessary,” MISA said in a statement.
“The Constitutional Court in the case of Chimakure and Others vs The Attorney General and Others, stressed this position with regards to Section 31 of the same Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act which criminalises publishing or communicating false statements prejudicial to the State.
“The Court said that such provisions have a chilling effect on free expression. Quoting the UN Special Rapporteur, Deputy Chief Justice Malaba, as he then was, noted the following:
“In the case of offences such as publishing or broadcasting ‘false’ or ‘alarmist’ information, prison terms are both reprehensible and out of proportion to the harm suffered by the victim. In all such cases imprisonment as punishment for the peaceful expression of an opinion constitutes a serious violation of human rights.”
The media rights defender group further stated that the civil claim of defamation was already in existence for persons aggrieved by a story published by a journalist or media house, or “where they are of the opinion that the story was false.
“This civil route equally applies to the provisions of Section 164C if a person suffers economic harm or psychological harm. If anything, Section 164C resuscitates criminal defamation which was already outlawed in the case of Madanhire vs Minister of Justice and Others.
“In that regard, MISA Zimbabwe appeals to the legislature and other key stakeholders, including the Attorney General’s Office and the Ministry of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs to do away with these unconstitutional provisions that continue to criminalise publishing of falsehoods.”