Zimbabwe News and Internet Radio

Eddie Cross: Human Migration

By Eddie Cross

I have said this before – but we need to understand this essential fact of history – we are all migrants of one sort or another. However, we must recognize that present modern migration trends represent an unprecedented crisis for both the developing and the developed world. When my Grandfather migrated from Ireland to South Africa in 1877, he was a small part of a global effort to spread the gospel to the newly colonized Third World.

Eddie Cross is the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC-T) MP for Bulawayo South
Eddie Cross is the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC-T) MP for Bulawayo South

We need to recognize two things about this form of migration – first, it took highly educated, principled and dedicated men and women from the developed world at the time, to countries just emerging from a history and culture of shifting agriculture, nomadic life and intertribal warfare. They made their homes in lands that did not even have the wheel. Secondly, it was on a very small and selective scale.

Today over 130 million people migrate from their own countries to greener pastures every year – and that is the official figure. The migrants are extremely diverse – poor, half-starved refugees from camps in Africa and the Near East, students who go to study and never come back, political and economic refugees seeking escape from tyrant governments and economic collapse associated with food shortages and few real work opportunities.

Two features stand out for me – the first is qualitative and the second is quantity. In the first instance, modern migration constantly and deliberately drains the best brains and innovators as well as business persons, out of the Fourth and the Third and even the Second World countries that desperately need their services.

They transfer their skills and capacities to the developed countries where they have the effect of increasing established global disparities in income and wealth. Their absence from their mother countries means that political and economic changes that are so desperately needed are made so much harder because of the weakness of Civil Society and the Middle and intellectual classes.

The second is the sheer scale of these human movements – the Zanu led Government in Zimbabwe murdered 20 000 people in the south and west of the country from 1983 to 1987, but 1 200 000 people flee the carnage to South Africa and a dozen foreign countries where they sought and often obtained refuge. The collapse of our economy from 1997 to 2008 led to half a million people fleeing the country every year – one third of our total population now lives outside the country.

The only good thing that comes from these massive social movements is the rising tide of remittances – up to half the GDP of the countries in the horn of Africa is now made up of remittances from abroad and half the population lives outside their homelands. Without remittances to Zimbabwe, widespread hunger and deprivation would be the norm. Support for basic education from the Diaspora now exceeds our own budget allocations by more than half.

The problem with this second aspect is that it creates serious problems for host governments and societies – poverty levels rise and social expenditure rises to unsupportable levels. The remittances back to their families is poor recompense.

We have large areas of the country up against the South African border where there are few people, empty schools and many families without a man or male children to carry out livelihood tasks in the villages.

The collateral damage done to families whose bread winners have had to migrate to make money to send back to their families is immeasurable – 73 per cent of all children in South Africa are growing up in single parent families. The state of families in places like Somalia and the Sudan must be even more disastrous.

My wife and I watched an American film the other night called “The Good Lie” which was based on a true story of six children who had their entire families wiped out in a rebel raid on their Village in southern Sudan – part of a wider Christian/Muslim conflict.

They walked nearly 600 kilometers and four survived to get into a refugee camp in Kenya. There they remained for 13 years – getting a rudimentary education and sparse but adequate food rations provided by Western Donors and the UN Agencies. Then one day they found their names on a list for migration by air to the United States.

They all became American Citizens – but one who had trained as a Medical Assistant in the States heard of a brother whom they thought was dead had arrived in the camp from which he had come to the USA.

He flew back to find him and when he could not get the required permits to give his brother entry to the States, he gave him his own passport and told him to go back and leave him in Kenya – this was the “Good Lie”. A very moving story but it does nothing to glamorize the real situation – those four kids left millions behind, they obtained a lifestyle that could never be imagined in their home countries and villages.

I once had to give a talk to students at a Danish University and there I argued for open borders and the free movement of people. There was no doubting the response – they were horrified and totally rejected any such notions. It is one thing for the EU to have such policies for the people who live within its boundaries but they have similar standard of living and cultures. Those Danish students may have agitated against apartheid but they knew full well what mass migration from the poor countries to the rich lands of Europe would mean.

Angela Merkel tried to get Africa onto the Agenda of the G20 – I am sure it was discussed but in the hundreds of hours of analysis and comment I doubt if I heard the word “Africa” mentioned more than half a dozen times. But what she wanted was to get the wealthy countries to agree to was a new program of support for job creation in Africa. She wanted the Summit to adopt a target of 20 million new jobs a year in Africa south of the Sahel. She further wanted to cut back aid to governments and State institutions and NGO’s. She wanted more private sector investment and technology transfer.

As five decades of donor aid have shown – it does nothing to solve the underlying problems – it only entrenches State corruption, monopoly political power and does little to lift the millions of absolute poor out of desperate poverty. She is right – going on doing things the way we have for decades, is not going to solve the problems that are creating this flood tide of migration that now threatens world stability and growth.

The key to this process of change and development lies in two areas – rapid economic growth, driven by investment and technology transfers in the less developed world and internal, political changes driven by a growing middle class and intellectual elite.

The two are interwoven and we must find ways to drive the growth of Africa, using international resources, perhaps underwritten by major developed countries and then make space for the political changes and freedoms that growth will generate. That is exactly what is happening in Asia and South America and we should learn from their example.

Eddie Cross
Harare, 11th July 2017

  • It’s not something new everyone knows this

  • So wat

  • Thro we ar leave outside

  • So it is time to do something!

  • Zvinei newe

  • Hazvina basa izvo mhani iwe I thought you have a strategy to chase out Mugabe saka hauna nyaya we dnt eat statistics ibvapo pauri ipapo

    • kkkkk taura hko kutopedza nguva yangu

  • So tichidzoka here?

  • and hw many did you murder when you were protecting Ian smith

    • Tiudze ka iwe, ndiwe unozviziva. As far as I know, Smith did not murder people. He focused on developing the nationa

      • Iwekaiwe

        He did.

    • chimoi masacres hautodzizivi

    • Zva Smith zvakapfuura takutaura zviripo zvirikuitika,hatiise vanhu kuti vaite makwikwi ekutambudza ma masses.

    • Black on black violence is disgusting. Rhodesian forces were not like 5th brigade savages.

    • chimoi were terrorists who were killed and Mugabe should have been among those terrorists, what were they doing at chimoi ?more so most if not all paid themselves in cash and property so what about innocent unarmed civilians in Matebeleland who Mugabe &zanoids killed without recourse. mxxxxm

    • Terrorist according to who?

    • Rubbish we cant keep living in de past tats why our country is wr it is cz of ppl like this.are we in war time now. We nid development nt ds nonsense

    • Rubbish we cant keep living in de past tats why our country is wr it is cz of ppl like this.are we in war time now. We nid development nt ds nonsense

    • Who killed people at Chimoio. I just don’t believe that story. If someone believes it pane akamboona chirema chekuchimoio here. Kureva here kuti vakafa vese.

    • Who killed people at Chimoio. I just don’t believe that story. If someone believes it pane akamboona chirema chekuchimoio here. Kureva here kuti vakafa vese.

    • Mugabe is the one who planned the Chimoio massacre

    • Mugabe is the one who planned the Chimoio massacre

    • Besides, inhema dzoga dziya

    • Besides, inhema dzoga dziya

    • War always brings Death. Independent should bring Life

    • War always brings Death. Independent should bring Life

    • Independence is Liberation not Death

    • Independence is Liberation not Death

    • Kuuraya pane Development hupenyu huri nani kurinani than kuurawa une zhara

    • Collen bharenii i can see that you are stupid just by asking that question. You went through zanupf and police propaganda and your brains now don’t function well.

      Today you are being used to kill your own just to protect Mugabe and his family. I believe you see nothing wrong about that just bcz u were brainwashed from the start.

    • Ndo team dzaigara pa group 7 Ku primary hapana chozikananwa

    • Collen Bhareni stop exposing your stupidity here. U defending the indefensible here.

    • madofo ndimi munoti murungu akataura munopururudza

    • vana ve Israel vaichema vachiti moses tidzorere kwatakabva kkk think outside the box nekuti ukamirira kuti nhingi achandiitira kkk unorohwa nenguva stand up do something pray to God he will definitely help you

    • It was war not after independence

    • Aaaah nxa mani wena dofo

  • we want a plan to take mgabe out now. we know abt all those numbers

  • Distorted facts and figures,some people wanting to claim innocence

    • Tell us about your real facts and figures if you know any?Chinozikanwa hapana.

    • Tell us about your real facts and figures if you know any?Chinozikanwa hapana.

    • i dont give facts to a madman,it serves no purpose

    • i dont give facts to a madman,it serves no purpose

  • Its Britain who masterminded the atrocities dont fool us

  • I don’t condone what happened in matabeleland during the dissident era but what’s sickening is that Eddie cross was there during that period. If he is genuine he should have acted then and would have prevented it from happening. Why want to raise that issue now all he wants is to open wounds to his political advantage. This is hypocritical at its best

    • Cc

      how would he had prevented that? ndiye achitonga here?

  • Hauna nyaya iwe nonsense

  • Hw many were killed by yo kith n keen during slave Trade. Hw many u killed again during colonisation Hw many during the first and second Chimurenga.Some are still being killed yo land mines which u laid in border towns.U have nothing to teach us Cross go back to England Zimbabwe will never be a Colony again.

    • We are being colonized by Asia As we speak

    • That’s why Zimbabwe is this state now it bcz you don’t want change. You pushed ian Smith out, why not push mugabe out as well

    • We Love him so much

    • @Jabulani, I understand why you are what you are. it’s ok.

    • You must be sick to compare Smith to Mugabe. Mugabe is a DEMOCRATICALLY ELECTED president. You may not have voted for him but the majority did.

  • hw many did u kill at Chimoio nd Nyadzonia. mhata iwe

  • hw many did u kill at Chimoio nd Nyadzonia. mhata iwe

  • get away iwe horo white man yu stupid makauraya vangani paChimoio ko Nyadzonia hama dzedu dzakafa nezvirwere zvakawanda dzchienda Mozambique kunodzdzswa kurwisa imi vamwe vachienda nerwizi Zambezi ko vakafira muma secret detention cells ko vamakauraya vanwa mvura yemurwizi Kaerezi kuNyanga vachienda Moza ko ma grenade kuborder reMoza neZim zvakauraya vangani ……stupid white people shit

  • get away iwe horo white man yu stupid makauraya vangani paChimoio ko Nyadzonia hama dzedu dzakafa nezvirwere zvakawanda dzchienda Mozambique kunodzdzswa kurwisa imi vamwe vachienda nerwizi Zambezi ko vakafira muma secret detention cells ko vamakauraya vanwa mvura yemurwizi Kaerezi kuNyanga vachienda Moza ko ma grenade kuborder reMoza neZim zvakauraya vangani ……stupid white people shit

  • 20 000 really. How did u get to that number?

  • 20 000 really. How did u get to that number?

  • Wat about Smith?

  • Wat about Smith?

  • armchair critique,this is not news.What are you doing about it Mr Eddie Cross

  • armchair critique,this is not news.What are you doing about it Mr Eddie Cross

  • His farm must be acquired this stupid. How man did they killed in neiboughring countries

  • His farm must be acquired this stupid. How man did they killed in neiboughring countries

  • Eddie Cross ndiani?

  • now l realise why in Zim we treated like fools let me point out how those silly people like this guy caused us to be booed he is not alone to make us laugh stock of world we have those in cloth like
    1..Madungwe claimed that he is heavenly army commander who arrests Satan n throw him in prison and order Jesus to preach in Hell…
    2…Sanyangore claims he had God’s phone number and contacting him regulary

    3..Magaya he carried burdens of people in to satchels and went with it to heaven entry point in lsrael to submit people’s burdens to the lord:….zvimwe zvacho tiite mafunnies mashoma guys…
    jmc

    to hell with people like Mr Cross n co they don’t have anything to offer for the betterment of our country

    • no.3 u wr misinformed or cn i say makanzwa zvisirizvo hanzvadzi

    • You are right on all points, especially number 3. If someone thinks that u are misinformed they should clarify and let us know what the false prophet claimed to be carrying in the satchel

  • Some people cry foul when the white pple had to let go land they got thru bloodshed. During Gukurahumdi they kept quiet. Today we know white pple asked for economic isolation of Zim only after Bob repossessed land. White pple are to blame for this coz they openly supported removal of Mugabe( whom i dnt like at all) and he hit them back where ot hurts. They shld hv kept away .

  • U TOO CREATIVE … TELL US WHAT U DID

  • u too ure a killer.

  • We all know that Mr Cross ,what is the way forward

  • These “STUPID” Apatheid Agents

  • Good day my friends I am so happy to share my great testimony to my friends on Facebook and Twitter all over the world I was a HIV patients for 6 year my friend introduce me to DR ABUMEN who cure me from the deadly virus I am now negative now I am a living testimony if you are affected with this virus because when u keep silent the virus will eat you up, You can call or whatsapp him on +2347085071418.

  • Good day my friends I am so happy to share my great testimony to my friends on Facebook and Twitter all over the world I was a HIV patients for 6 year my friend introduce me to DR ABUMEN who cure me from the deadly virus I am now negative now I am a living testimony if you are affected with this virus because when u keep silent the virus will eat you up, You can call or whatsapp him on +2347085071418.

  • murunguwo zvake

  • Every leader who gets into power 1 going of these leaders Iraq, Afghanistan ,Libya,Egypt,Haiti,now Syria its all about killing for someone to become a leader. So its a game

  • Really, is that why? I mean tell us me about this ZANU you Eddie Cross speak of, I am curious to know. Question, you mean to tell me there where no external influence to the collapse of Zimbabwe’s economy?
    The Zimbabwean particularly ZANU PF is the root cause of Zimbabwe’s problems, wow I would say this comes to me as a shock. I have always looked at it as a consequence of colonialism, neglected Lancester Agreement, unequal distribution of land not to mention reserves created in unfertile land inequalities created by colonial regime and their guns.
    Blockades created by the west to suppress those who fight for justice, again thanks for the brief enlightenment wasn’t necessary but I get the gesture.

  • White Bastard pfotsek

  • cross is a member of the notorious selous scout which was responsible for the murder of thousands of black people so I dont take what he is saying

  • These comment shows us that shona are adiot

  • 1+1=2 it will be like that for time eternity,so dont shoot the messenger if you know thsts great,the topic is about human migration so its all about statistics and geopoliticall dynamics,many young people are learning.

  • How did you whites kill?